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September 19, 2008

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Just a few more tips from a longtime letter writer:

Keep it short. The Statesman allows 200 words; even shorter will be better as E-day nears and the avalanche cascades.

Write sincerely about why you support the candidate(s) of your choice. You don't have time to tear down the opposition.

Focus on one topic. I have a letter pending at the Statesman on energy policy, and I manage in 200 words to recommend three candidates on the national, state, and local levels whose election would make a huge difference on that issue.

Or write about why you support all Democrats and the Democratic Party's commitment to liberty, justice, and opportunity for all. That way, many of our candidates at every level will benefit from your effort.


top of pageExpedition Chief Scientist: David ClagueThe goal of this first leg of the Hawaii Expedition is to occupy a series of stations encompassing the three water masses (coastal zone, California Current, and central gyre) that occur along the transit line from Monterey to Honolulu. Data collected at each station will be used to investigate the relationships between iron, primary production, and gelatinous zooplankton. At 9 stations there will be a 6-hour ROV dive (to 1,000 m), a bongo net tow, a CTD cast (to 1,000 m), and a blue-water scuba dive. At 7 additional stations there will be a bongo net tow and CTD casts. Between stations, underway sampling will include a towed-fish pumping system, and continuous recording with the EK-500 echosounder. All ROV dives will be made during daylight hours, preferably between 0800 and 1400 hours, local time.3. Puna Ridge1 Air compressor - Johnson ~200 lbs [url=www.squidoo.com/zmnzcbaa]Girl Lesbians Having Sex[/url] top of pageSubmarine jack hammer (if available)Participants:
Leg 4: Lava flows (May 9-18)Equipment Description (include weight if available):Chemicals, 40lbsа2 steel tow fish (1 as back up) + pump+block - Johnson. ~350 lbsаWe request four 12-hr Tiburon dives to observe and collect lava and coral samples from the cones and terraces outlined above. The 400-m terrace is partly overrun by subsequent lavas from Mauna Kea Volcano, whereas the 1150-m terrace has some small cones from an unknown volcano built on top. One dive will collect both the corals and the lavas draping the 400 and the 380-m terraces and another will attempt to sample the 1150-m terrace, where prior dredging (two attempts) failed to recover coralline material. Two dives will explore several of the flat-topped and pointed cones along the deeper (>2000-m) part of the rift. The impact glass sampler will be used here since the lavas have only thin (1 mm) Mn-oxide crusts (as seen in the few dredged samples from the rift) and the box corer should also be useful. [url=www.squidoo.com/fmovies]Fiction Lesbian Sex Stories[/url] Submarine jack hammer (if available)Planned Track Description:Leg 5: Iron mapping (May 22 - June 2)
top of pageLeg 3: Submarine Canyons (April 21-30)Hawaii remains the laboratory of choice for studies on submarine (and subaerial) volcanic processes because of the young age and freshness of the landforms and volcanic surfaces. In addition, because the Hawaiian volanoes are so large, the processes that degrade the volcanoes, such as massive landslides, or simply submerge the volcanoes are accentuated. Not only are Hawaiian volcanoes the largest in the world with the highest eruption rates (averaged over time), but the landslides that degrade the volcanoes are also the largest volcanic landslides in the world.Radium-sensor67-70 36.1200 123.4850 2 nets, CTD [url=www.squidoo.com/teento]Hot Gay College Jocks sex[/url] Participants:Planned Track Description:The Hawaiian Islands are formed from an amazing range of lava compositions that have different gas contents, crystal contents, viscosities, eruption rates and volumes, and eruption depths-all in lavas less than a few million years old. The low sedimentation rates on the flanks of the islands and their young age makes the use of visual observations, such as those obtained with Tiburon, particularly valuable. The variety of lava chemistries erupted on the seafloor adjacent to the islands also provide a powerful method to examine the structure of the Hawaiian plume as each type of lava is generated from a mix of mantle source components that have been proposed to have a concentric spatial configuration. Alkalic lavas have proved to contain important information about magma genesis in Hawaii (Clague, 1987) and the structure of the Hawaiian plume. All of the sampled lavas from the deep flanks the islands have proven to be such alkalic lavas. The only way to test the petrologic models for plume geometry is by analyzing lavas from around the islands-those that erupted below sea level, commonly at great depths. In particular, submarine erupted lavas preserve enough of their original volatile contents (Clague and Dixon, 2000), and their pre-eruptive contents can be calculated from what remains, to evaluate the important role of volatiles (water, carbon dioxide, sulfur, and rare gases) in melting processes and in the different plume components.
Hawaii remains the laboratory of choice for studies on submarine (and subaerial) volcanic processes because of the young age and freshness of the landforms and volcanic surfaces. In addition, because the Hawaiian volanoes are so large, the processes that degrade the volcanoes, such as massive landslides, or simply submerge the volcanoes are accentuated. Not only are Hawaiian volcanoes the largest in the world with the highest eruption rates (averaged over time), but the landslides that degrade the volcanoes are also the largest volcanic landslides in the world.Cruise History and BackgroundScheduled End Dateа: 22001-05-18 TBD Local Moss Landing timeHomers –2аtop of page [url=www.squidoo.com/bpopoledas]Hardcore Lesbian Sex in the kitchen[/url] Participants:CTD and Rosette w/H2O sample bottles - ChavezаScheduled End Dateа: 2001-04-30 TBD Local Moss Landing time
This proposal requests 28 Tiburon dive days, admittedly a large number of dive days. Most of these dives will include benthic biology observations and some biological sampling with Jim Barry and George Matsumoto as successfully done on Pioneer, Guide, Gumdrop, Taney, and Davidson Seamounts in 2000. Hawaii is the primary study area for Clague, as it has been for nearly 30 years. The Western Flyer will return to Hawaii no sooner than 2004, so this expedition will provide the data for several years of lab analysis and writing. All but two of the dives proposed are within areas surveyed with the Simrad EM300 system in 1998, so excellent basemaps are in hand.Equipment Description (include weight if available):The Hawaiian Islands are formed from an amazing range of lava compositions that have different gas contents, crystal contents, viscosities, eruption rates and volumes, and eruption depths-all in lavas less than a few million years old. The low sedimentation rates on the flanks of the islands and their young age makes the use of visual observations, such as those obtained with Tiburon, particularly valuable. The variety of lava chemistries erupted on the seafloor adjacent to the islands also provide a powerful method to examine the structure of the Hawaiian plume as each type of lava is generated from a mix of mantle source components that have been proposed to have a concentric spatial configuration. Alkalic lavas have proved to contain important information about magma genesis in Hawaii (Clague, 1987) and the structure of the Hawaiian plume. All of the sampled lavas from the deep flanks the islands have proven to be such alkalic lavas. The only way to test the petrologic models for plume geometry is by analyzing lavas from around the islands-those that erupted below sea level, commonly at great depths. In particular, submarine erupted lavas preserve enough of their original volatile contents (Clague and Dixon, 2000), and their pre-eruptive contents can be calculated from what remains, to evaluate the important role of volatiles (water, carbon dioxide, sulfur, and rare gases) in melting processes and in the different plume components.This cruise will address topics as diverse as formation of karst topography in drowned reefs to dynamics of submarine basaltic eruptions and formation of volcanic landforms to hydrothermal circulation and geochemistry. Dives are planned to address the interplay of volcanism and reef formation on Mahukona and Kohala (Hilo Ridge) Volcanoes, formation of pointed volcanic cones, flat-topped volcanic cones, and lava ponds on Haleakala, Kilauea, and Koolau Volcanoes, the structure of folded volcanicalstic rocks along the margin of the Hilina slump at Papa'u Seamount, eruption dynamics of fire fountains and explosive eruptions at Loihi Seamount, long-term changes in the hydrothermal system at Loihi Seamount, and formation of karst topography i drowned coral reefs on Mahukona Volcano.vibra-peeper coring systemа [url=www.squidoo.com/bigtitu]Mature Lesbian Sex Websites[/url] Rock drawerаtop of pageWe request 1 short (6-hr) Tiburon dive to map and sample the deepest (and least degassed) of the volcanic cones of the Honolulu Volcanics. This cone is structurally simple and the summit is at a depth of only about 800 m, so the dive to explore the summit and collect the lava flows and hyaloclastite can be short. Collection of submarine-erupted lavas allows for analysis of rare gas and volatile components in the quenched glasses, as well as better whole-rock trace element analyses since the submarine lavas are far less altered than those exposed to subaerial weathering (rainfall leaches many components from the subaerial lavas after their emplacement), as outlined under the "Submarine Cones and flows" section of this proposal.
Dive Targets and Scientific RationaleWe request four 12-hr Tiburon dives to observe and collect lava and coral samples from the cones and terraces outlined above. The 400-m terrace is partly overrun by subsequent lavas from Mauna Kea Volcano, whereas the 1150-m terrace has some small cones from an unknown volcano built on top. One dive will collect both the corals and the lavas draping the 400 and the 380-m terraces and another will attempt to sample the 1150-m terrace, where prior dredging (two attempts) failed to recover coralline material. Two dives will explore several of the flat-topped and pointed cones along the deeper (>2000-m) part of the rift. The impact glass sampler will be used here since the lavas have only thin (1 mm) Mn-oxide crusts (as seen in the few dredged samples from the rift) and the box corer should also be useful.We request three 12-hr Tiburon dives to explore the unusual steep-sided cone-shaped vent at 2100 m and the vents in the region that might be the source for the high-MgO glass sands, and to search for the approximately 3900-m-deep vent of the voluminous alkalic basalt flow that ponded in the Hawaiian deep. All these dives are too deep (I is just barely too deep) for Pisces V operations. The deposits that make up these vents could be composed mainly of volcanic sands, so the MBARI boxcorer and new push cores with special core catchers would be deployed on these dives. In addition, the MBARI impact glass sampler, with initial development and testing (on Gorda Ridge in August) in 2000, would be used to collect numerous glass samples from these young lava flows. The system would be more useful if a larger capacity carousel (48 samples instead of the current 12) was developed early in 2001.vibra-peeper coring systemаWe request three dive days with two used to map and collect lava and hyaloclastite from as many of the shallow cones as possible and determining the style (pillows, hyaloclastite, blocky flows) of the erupted lava. These two days would each consist of several short dives in succession, an operational mode only MBARI can do. The ability to collect loose volcanic sand using the box corer or newly designed push cores may also be critical to sampling these cones, which apparently formed by explosive eruptions. The third dive day would examine the lava pond at 2400 m depth and the adjacent cones. This dive is too deep for Pisces V operations. The coral terraces, while scientifically exciting targets, will not be explored further until some new radiometric technique is developed that can date the recovered samples (no technique exists at present). [url=www.squidoo.com/lesbian-porn-free]Lesbian Anal Sex Pics[/url] Heat flow probeаtop of pageSta. Name Latitude (deg N) Longitude (deg W) Hrs on Station Purpose
2 FIA systems+ reagents - Johnson ~250 lbsаPush cores, 12-24 per diveаROV CTD w/O2 and transmissometer Ц RobisonаHawaii remains the laboratory of choice for studies on submarine (and subaerial) volcanic processes because of the young age and freshness of the landforms and volcanic surfaces. In addition, because the Hawaiian volanoes are so large, the processes that degrade the volcanoes, such as massive landslides, or simply submerge the volcanoes are accentuated. Not only are Hawaiian volcanoes the largest in the world with the highest eruption rates (averaged over time), but the landslides that degrade the volcanoes are also the largest volcanic landslides in the world.SCIENTISTS EQUIPMENT Ц [url=www.squidoo.com/oral-sexic]Erotic Stories Gay Virgin Sex[/url] Water purification system with approximately 5 gal per day usageScheduled End Dateа: 2001-06-02 TBD Local Moss Landing timeScheduled Start Date: 2001-05-22 0800 Local Moss Landing time
Rock drill, with core linersаCT-probe (new)а67-85 35.6200 124.5500 2 CTD, nets D3,Equipment Description (include weight if available):We request four 12-hr Tiburon dives to observe and collect lava and coral samples from the cones and terraces outlined above. The 400-m terrace is partly overrun by subsequent lavas from Mauna Kea Volcano, whereas the 1150-m terrace has some small cones from an unknown volcano built on top. One dive will collect both the corals and the lavas draping the 400 and the 380-m terraces and another will attempt to sample the 1150-m terrace, where prior dredging (two attempts) failed to recover coralline material. Two dives will explore several of the flat-topped and pointed cones along the deeper (>2000-m) part of the rift. The impact glass sampler will be used here since the lavas have only thin (1 mm) Mn-oxide crusts (as seen in the few dredged samples from the rift) and the box corer should also be useful. [url=www.squidoo.com/ajkdlalles]Sex Positions Anal Sex Guide[/url] D2, 67-75 35.9530 123.8420 9 DIVE, nets, CTDScheduled End Dateа: 2001-06-02 TBD Local Moss Landing time3 Flow Injection Analysis System, 300 lbsа

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